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Alfalfa Pellets Densified by a Pellet Mill Crowned as Queen

By Jack Huang    Nov 20, 2014

alfalfa plants
Alfalfa plants

What is alfalfa?

Alfalfa, also called Lucerne or medicago is a legume, a nitrogen fixing plant, which could extract nitrogen from the atmosphere and into plant proteins. Alfalfa can grow to the height of 30 to 100 centimeters (1-3 feet) is a perennial flowering plant in the pea family. It is a forage legume which generally lives four to eight years, but according to climate and areas can also live more than 20 years. In addition, alfalfa can be seen nearly everywhere in lawns, parks, or fields.

Alfalfa: “Queen of Forages”

Alfalfa known as the “Queen of Forages” has the following values:

Alfafa as a protein source.

Alfalfa is a high protein and low fiber feed. Alfalfa generally contains 12-20% protein while the fiber content varies from 20-28%. In contrast, the average grass hay has 8.4% crude protein and 31.4% fiber. What’s more, the quality of alfalfa protein is excellent with more than 70% of it’s total protein being digestible.

Alfalfa as an energy source

Alfalfa is also an energy source. A ton of alfalfa hay contains as much TDN as bushels of corn( and as much protein as 2/3 ton of soybean meal. And it is reported that animals fed alfalfa hay tend to gain faster, produce more milk, and maintain themselves in better condition than those fed other forages.

Alfalfa as a source of Minerals and Vitamins

Alfalfa can meet animals’ daily requirement for calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfur, iron, cobalt manganese and zinc if one pound of alfalfa is fed for per 100 pounds of body-weight animal. High quality alfalfa hay may supply all the Vitamin A needs of beef animal.

Alfalfa pellets

Alfalfa is widely cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries all over the world, especially in America and Europe. Up to 2009, the cultivated area of alfalfa was approximately up to 30 million hectares all over the world based on incomplete statistics. Generally, alfalfa is cut three to four times a year even in Arizona and southern California it can be harvested more than 12 times, besides, alfalfa grows quickly and it’s easy for alfalfa to live no matter the environment is good or not, so it is high yield and high nutritional quality, which makes the alfalfa pellet product possible and helps the application of alfalfa pellets.

alfalfa plants and alfalfa pellets
Alfalfa plants and alfalfa pellets

Now that alfalfa is such a worldwide pasture, there are an increasing number of people to use alfalfa as their forage to feed the livestock, as fertilizer to enrich their land, and as fuel to heat their home.

Alfalfa pellets as fodder

As “Queen of Forage”, alfalfa can be used to feed cattle, horses, sheep and etc., because of its high protein, calcium and vitamins content. Moreover, alfalfa can be used as fertilizer or for heating when it is made into alfalfa pellets. Alfalfa is usually made into pellets by alfalfa pellet mill due to the following advantages.

alfalfa pellets used as cattle fodder
Alfalfa pellets as cattle fodder

 High nutrition

The nutritional value of alfalfa pellets is much higher than alfalfa which makes livestock prefer to eat. For instance, alfalfa pellets used as feed for cow can increase the quality and quantity of milk. If pigs absorb alfalfa pellets nutrition, they will digest more easily and this can prevent from constipation which can keep healthy and improve the reproductive performance.

Wide application

Generally, alfalfa pellets are used as fodder of animals, such as cattle, horses, etc and alfalfa pellets are one of the most important fodders and are beneficial to animals.

Fodder saving

Moreover, recent research indicates that alfalfa pellets can be fed in fewer amounts than that of alfalfa due to the higher nutritional value and high density.

Cost saving

Alfalfa pellets are very compacted and hard which make them are convenient to transport and store, meanwhile, make alfalfa into pellets can reduce the cost of processing.

Alfalfa pellets as organic fertilizer

Alfalfa pellets are an exclcan also be used as an organic fertilizer in the garden or some other places.

Due to high nitrogen source about 5%, alfalfa pellets can be a good excellent nitrogen source. Besides, alfalfa contains trace minerals and triacontanol, a naturally occurring plant growth promoter, which makes alfalfa pellets a good fertilizer, which can will be effectively improve the growth and yield of many crops.

alfalfa pellets used as fertilizer
Alfalfa pellets used as fertilizer

Features of alfalfa pellet fertilizer:

  • Pelleted fertilizer is easy for application.
  • Alfalfa pellets is a natural and rich nitrogen source.
  • A natural plant growth stimulant, triacontanol is contained in pelleted alfalfa.
  • Densified alfalfa pellets can nurture the plants over time for the slow release.
  • Alfalfa pellets can be used for feed wide ranges of plants, such as, flowers, vegetables, etc.

Alfalfa pellets as Pellets fuel

Dried alfalfa can be a good source for pellet fuel production. When alfalfa used for fuel pellets production, it is usually mixed with other biomass materials, such as, wood, grass, waste papers, etc. In that way, they can be fully burned, leave less ash and release less smoke which is cost-effective and environmental friendly.

alfalfa pellets used as fuel
Alfalfa pellets used as fuel

Alfalfa pellet mill

Now that alfalfa pellets are the general fodder of livestock, moreover, are more efficient, more economical and renewable fuel sources, a professional alfalfa pellet mill is necessary. Alfalfa pellet mill is a kind of pellet mill which is specially designed for processing alfalfa into pellets.

alfalfa pellets making procetures
Alfalfa pellet production diagram

With an alfalfa pellet mill, you can produce alfalfa pellets effectively with the advantage of environmental protection and at the same time it’s cost-effective. There are various alfalfa pellet mills, the most commonly pellet mills are ring die pellet mill which suitable for large production and flat die pellet mill that usually for home use. Meanwhile, you can choose preferable pellet mill in accordance with your energy resources, for example, there are electric alfalfa pellet mill, diesel alfalfa pellet mill, gasoline alfalfa pellet mill and PTO alfalfa pellet mill.

alfalfa pellet mills

Anyhow, choose the alfalfa pellet mill based on your requirements. The other factor you should consider is the alfalfa pellet mill manufacturer; choose the manufacturer with the certification of pellet mill is reasonable due to their reliable quality, good service and so on. Gemco is such a manufacturer of alfalfa pellet mill that you can believe in and it can fully meet your needs.